Set up Ubuntu Desktop on Raspberry Pi

Temporary: This thorough tutorial exhibits you how one can set up Ubuntu Desktop on Raspberry Pi 4 machine.

The revolutionary Raspberry Pi is the preferred single board pc. It has its very personal Debian based mostly working system referred to as Raspbian.

There are a number of different operating systems available for Raspberry Pi however virtually all of them are light-weight. This was acceptable for the small issue and low finish {hardware} of the Pi gadgets.

This adjustments with the introduction of Raspberry Pi 4B that flaunts 8 GB RAM and helps 4K show. The goal is to make use of Raspberry Pi as an everyday desktop and it succeeds in doing so to a bigger extent.

Earlier than the 4B mannequin, you would install the Ubuntu server on Raspberry Pi however the desktop model was not obtainable. Nonetheless, Ubuntu now gives official desktop picture for Pi 4 fashions.

On this tutorial, I'm going to point out the steps for putting in Ubuntu desktop on Raspberry Pi 4.

First, a fast have a look at the conditions.

Conditions for working Ubuntu on Raspberry Pi 4

ubuntu desktop raspberry pi

Right here’s what you want:

  1. A Linux or Home windows system with lively web connection.
  2. Raspberry Pi Imager : The official open supply instrument from Raspberry that will get you the distro picture in your SD card.
  3. Micro SD Card: Think about using at the least a 16 GB storage to your card, albeit a 32 GB model is beneficial.
  4. A USB based mostly Micro SD Card Reader (in case your pc doesn't have a card reader).
  5. Important Raspberry Pi 4 equipment akin to an HDMI appropriate show, Micro HDMI to Standard HDMI (A/M) Cable, Power Supply (Official Adapter Recommended), USB Wired/Wi-fi Keyboard and Mouse/Touchpad.

It's good observe to read in detail about the Pi requirements beforehand.

Now, with out additional delay, let me shortly stroll you thru the picture preparation for the SD Card.

Making ready the Ubuntu Desktop picture for Raspberry Pi

Raspberry Pi gives a GUI utility for writing the ISO picture to the SD Card. This instrument may also obtain appropriate working techniques like Ubuntu, Raspbian and so on robotically.

raspberry pi imager tool
Official instrument to obtain and put working system on SD card

You may obtain this instrument for Ubuntu, Home windows and macOS from the official web site:

On Ubuntu and different Linux distributions, you too can set up it with Snap:

sudo snap set up rpi-imager

As soon as put in, run the imager instrument. If you see the display screen under, choose “CHOOSE OS”:

pi imager choose os
Pi imager: select the popular working system

Beneath “Working System”, choose “Different basic objective OS”:

pi imager other general purpose os
Pi imager: different basic objective working techniques

Now, choose “Ubuntu”:

pi imager os ubuntu
Pi imager distro: Ubuntu

Subsequent, choose “Ubuntu Desktop 21.04 (RPI 4/400)” as proven under:

pi imager os ubuntu 21 04
Pi imager distro model: Ubuntu 21.04

Insert the micro SD card inside your Card reader and await it to mount. Choose “CHOOSE STORAGE” beneath “Storage”:

pi imager choose storage
Pi imager – select storage (SD card)

You need to be seeing solely your micro SD card storage and also you’d acknowledge it immediately based mostly on the dimensions. Right here, I’ve used a 32 GB card:

pi imager choose sd card
Pi imager – select SD card

Now click on on “WRITE”:

pi imager image write
Pi imager picture write

I’ll assume you've the contents of the SD card backed up. If it’s a brand new card, you may simply proceed:

pi imager image write confirm
Pi imager picture write affirmation question

Since it is a sudo privilege, you could enter your password. If you happen to run sudo rpi-imager from a terminal, this may not seem:

pi imager image write password
Pi imager picture write authentication asking for password

In case your SD card is a bit previous, it will take a while. But when it's a latest one with excessive speeds, it wouldn’t take lengthy:

pi imager writing image
Pi imager writing picture

I additionally wouldn’t advocate skipping verification. Ensure that the picture write went profitable:

pi imager verifying changes
Pi imager verifying adjustments

As soon as it's over, you'll get the next affirmation:

pi imager write successful
Pi imager write profitable

Now, safely-remove the SD card out of your system.

Utilizing the micro SD card with Ubuntu on Raspberry Pi

Half of the battle is gained. Not like the common Ubuntu set up, you haven't created a reside atmosphere. Ubuntu is already put in on the SD card and is sort of learn to make use of. Let’s see what stays right here.

Step 1: Insert the SD card into Pi

For first time customers, it may well take a bit complicated typically to determine the place on earth is that card slot! To not fear. It's situated under the board on the left-hand aspect. Right here’s an inverted view with a card inserted:

pi inverted micro sd card inserted
Pi 4B board inverted and micro SD card inserted

Hold sliding the cardboard on this orientation slowly into the slot under the board, gently till it not goes any additional. This implies it has simply slot in completely. There gained’t be any click on sound.

raspberry pi sd slot left side middle below board
Raspberry Pi SD slot left aspect center and under the pi board

You would possibly discover two little pins adjusting themselves within the slot (proven above) as you place it inside, however that’s okay. As soon as inserted, the cardboard would seem like a bit protruded. That’s how it's alleged to seem like:

pi sd card inserted
Pi SD card inserted with a bit portion seen

Step 2: Setting Up the Raspberry Pi

I don't must go intimately right here, I presume.

Make sure that the ability cable connector, micro HDMI cable connector, keyboard and mouse connectors (wired/non-wired) are securely related to the Pi board within the related ports.

Ensure that the show and energy plug are correctly related as nicely, earlier than you go forward and activate the ability socket. I wouldn’t advocate plugging within the adapter to a reside electrical socket. Search for electrical arcing.

When you’ve ensured the above two steps, you may power on the Raspberry Pi device.

Step 3: The primary run of Ubuntu desktop on Raspberry Pi

When you energy on the Raspberry Pi, you’ll be requested to some primary configuration in your first run. You simply must comply with the onscreen directions.

Choose your language, keyboard format, connect with WiFi and so on.

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